Author(s): Gupta NM, Gupta R
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To analyze the feasibility and safety of transhiatal approach for resection of corrosively scarred esophagus. BACKGROUND SUMMARY DATA: The unrelenting corrosive strictures of esophagus merit esophageal substitution. Because of the risk of complications in the retained esophagus, such as malignancy, mucocele, gastroesophageal reflux, and bleeding, esophageal resection is deemed necessary. Transthoracic approach for esophageal resection is considered safe. The safety and feasibility of transhiatal resection of the esophagus is not established in corrosive injury of the esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Transhiatal approach was used for resection of the scarred esophagus for all patients between January 1986 and December 2001. The intraoperative complications, indications for adding thoracotomy, and postoperative outcome were studied in 51 patients. Follow-up period varied from minimum of 6 months to 15 years. RESULTS: Esophageal resection was achieved in 49 of 51 patients whereas thoracotomy was added in 2 patients. In 1 of the patients tracheal injury occurred whereas in other patient there were dense adhesions between tracheal membrane and esophagus. Gastric tube was used for esophageal substitution in 40 (78.4\%) patients whereas colon was transplanted in 11 (21.6\%) patients. Colon was used only when stomach was not available. One patient (1.9\%) had tracheal membrane injury whereas 4 patients (7.8\%) had recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. One patient each had thoracic duct injury and intrathoracic gastric tube leak. There was no operative mortality. Anastomotic complications like leak were present in 19.6\% and stricture in 58.8\% patients. All the patients were able to resume their normal duties and swallow normal food within 6 months of the surgery. CONCLUSION: One-stage transhiatal esophageal resection and reconstruction could be safely used for the extirpation of scarred esophagus. Use of gastric conduit was technically simple, quicker, and offered good functional outcome. Postoperative anastomotic stricture amenable to dilatations was the commonest complication.
This article was published in Ann Surg
and referenced in Health Care : Current Reviews