alexa Transient spinal cord ischemia induces temporary hypersensitivity of dorsal horn wide dynamic range neurons to myelinated, but not unmyelinated, fiber input.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Hao JX

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1. The activity of 197 single dorsal horn neurons was recorded extracellularly in the spinal cord of decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats. The response properties of 174 wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons to electrical, mechanical, and thermal stimulation in three groups of rats were studied:normal, 1-4 days after transient spinal cord ischemia induced photochemically by laser irradiation when the rats exhibited behavioral hypersensitivity to mechanical stimuli (allodynia), and 10-20 days after spinal ischemia when the allodynia had ceased. 2. In normal rats, the responses of dorsal horn WDR neurons to suprathreshold electrical stimulation of their receptive fields consisted of a short-latency (A) and a long-latency (C) response. In 77% of the neurons (57/74), there was a separation between the A- and C-fiber responses. The response threshold (defined as 20% increase in neuronal discharges above background activity) to mechanical stimulation applied with calibrated von Frey hairs was 13.8 g, and the discharges of these neurons to graded stimulation increased linearly. 3. In 68% of WDR neurons in allodynic rats (38/56), the response to suprathreshold electrical stimuli was a single burst with no separation between A- and C-fiber responses. The magnitude and duration of the response were significantly increased compared with those recorded in normal rats. The sensitivity of these neurons to mechanical stimulation was also greatly increased, expressed by a lowered threshold (2.1 +/- 0.3 g, mean +/- SE) and a shift to the left of the nonlinear stimulus-response curve. The background activity of the neurons and the size of the receptive fields were, however, unchanged.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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This article was published in J Neurophysiol and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

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