alexa Transmembrane domain analysis of polycystin-1, the product of the polycystic kidney disease-1 (PKD1) gene: evidence for 11 membrane-spanning domains.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Nims N, Vassmer D, Maser RL

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Abstract Polycystin-1, the protein product of the polycystic kidney disease-1 (PKD1) gene, was originally predicted to be an integral membrane glycoprotein with 11 transmembrane (TM) domains (TM 1-11). Subsequent comparative sequence analyses led to a revision of the original model, which retained the overall topology and 11 TM segments (TM I-XI) but dropped 3 of the original domains and introduced 3 new TM domains. The membrane-spanning potential and the orientation of each of the proposed TM domains following the extracellular REJ domain (TM I-XI and TM 11) have now been tested. Using a series of N-terminal polycystin TM-glycosylation reporter gene fusions expressed in vivo, we assayed N-linked glycosylation of the C-terminal glycosylation reporter as an indicator of TM domain presence and orientation. This approach has clearly demonstrated that 7 of the 12 TM domains tested function as membrane-spanning domains. In vitro analysis of the topogenic potential of the five remaining TM domains revealed that four of these also function as membrane-spanning domains, thus supporting an 11 TM structure for polycystin-1 comprised of TM domains I-XI. In addition, these studies suggest that the membrane insertion of TM domains I-IX occurs in a cotranslational and sequential manner, while multiple topogenic determinants appear to be required for the integration of the C-terminal-most TM segments of polycystin-1. This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

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