Author(s): de Begona JA, Gundry SR, Razzouk AJ, Boucek MM, Kawauchi M,
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Abstract Transplant surgeons are reluctant to use hearts that have undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest because of the fear of poor early and late cardiac function. A policy of minimizing contraindications to use of donor hearts has led to the unique opportunity of assessing the effects of donor arrest and successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation on early and late cardiac function in pediatric heart transplantation. A number of 140 infants and children undergoing transplantation from birth to 17 years of age were studied retrospectively and divided into two groups on the basis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation status. Group 1 (72 patients) received donor hearts that were not subjected to cardiopulmonary resuscitation; group 2 (68 patients) received donor hearts that had cardiopulmonary resuscitation for a mean of 18.8 +/- 14.6 minutes, the longest period of time being 60 minutes. Mean ischemic times were almost identical in the two groups: 4.43 +/- 2.0 hours (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) versus 4.5 +/- 2.1 hours (no cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Early cardiac function was assessed on the basis of the number of days the recipient was supported by the ventilator, days receiving dopamine, days receiving isoproterenol, and the amount of inotropic agents required after the operation. The groups did not differ. Parameters of systolic function included fractional shortening, posterior wall thickening, and maximum velocity of change in left ventricular posterior wall dimension during systole. Diastolic function was measured on the basis of left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular mass, and maximum velocity of change in left ventricular posterior wall dimension during diastole. Both systolic and diastolic function were measured and analyzed from M-mode echocardiography at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after the operation. There were no statistically significant differences in graft function between the two groups in any of the echocardiographic parameters studied, even at 2 years. No group differed from ranges of normal. Our results suggest that hearts undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for periods of up to 60 minutes can be used safely without evidence of deterioration of early or late cardiac function.
This article was published in J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology