alexa Transplanted acellular allograft dermal matrix. Potential as a template for the reconstruction of viable dermis.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Livesey SA, Herndon DN, Hollyoak MA, Atkinson YH, Nag A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The use of allograft donor skin as a permanent skin transplant in full-thickness burns is limited by its immunogenic properties and by the inappropriateness of immunosuppression of a burn patient. Allograft skin will initially take on a full-thickness wound, but it is ultimately rejected. This immunogenic response to allograft skin is directed primarily against the cells of the epidermis and the endothelial cells in the dermis. To date, it has not been possible to remove these immunogenic cells while maintaining the integrity of the nonimmunogenic components of allograft dermis. In this study, we have investigated a method of processing porcine skin to produce an acellular, structurally intact, dermal matrix. We have developed a process that de-epidermizes and decellularizes fresh porcine skin, while maintaining the basement membrane complex and the extracellular matrix structure of the dermis. Porcine dermis processed by this method was initially assessed for toxicity in a rat subcutaneous implant study. In vivo assessment confirmed the absence of local and systemic toxicity. Subsequently, we investigated the potential use of this matrix in combination with a meshed split-thickness autograft (STSG) as a permanent allograft in full-thickness wounds in pigs. Histological analysis revealed that the dermal matrix supported fibroblast infiltration, neovascularization, and keratinocyte migration from an overlying STSG. There was no evidence of an inflammatory cell infiltrate or a cell-mediated immune response. This apparent lack of an immune response was also tested in vitro by assessing recipient lymphocyte proliferation in response to an extract of the dermal matrix. These results suggest that skin processed by this method has the potential to be used as a permanent dermal allograft to augment the performance of an STSG in the closure of full-thickness wounds.
This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 10th World Congress on Stem Cell and Biobanking
    October 23-24, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Advances in Skin, Wound Care and Tissue Science
    November 9-10, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
  • 12th Edition of International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    May 10-11, 2018,Frankfurt, Germany
  • 4th International Conference on Synthetic Biology and Tissue Engineering
    June 11-12, 2018 Rome, Italy
  • 9th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenerative Medicine
    July 19-20, 2018 Melbourne, Australia
  • 4th International Conference on Wound Care, Tissue Repair & Regenerative Medicine
    October 5-6, 2018 Los Angeles, USA
  • 9th International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    November 9-10 , 2018 Atlanta, Georgia ,USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords