Author(s): Knpfel M, Zhao L, Garrick MD
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Abstract Belgrade rats exhibit microcytic, hypochromic anemia and systemic iron deficiency due to a glycine-to-arginine mutation at residue 185 in a metal ion transporter of a divalent metal transporter/divalent cation transporter/solute carrier 11 group A member 2 or 3 (DMT1/DCT1/SLC11A2), a member of the natural-resistance-associated macrophage protein (Nramp) family. By use of rabbit duodenal tissue, a calcein fluorescence assay has previously been developed to assess transport of divalent metal ions across the small-intestinal brush border membrane (BBM). The assay was readily applied here to rat BBM to learn if it detects DMT1 activity. The results demonstrate protein-mediated transport across the BBM of all tested ions: Mn(2+), Fe(2+), and Ni(2+). Transport into BBM vesicles (BBMV) from (b/b) Belgrade rats was below the detection limit. BBMV of +/b origin had substantial activity. The kinetic rate constant for Ni(2+) membrane transport for +/b BBMV was within the range for normal rabbit tissue. Vesicles from +/b basolateral membranes (BLM) showed similar activity to BBMV while b/b BLM vesicles (BLMV) lacked transport activity. Immunoblots using isoform-specific antibodies demonstrated that intestinal levels of b/b DMT1 were increased compared to +/b DMT1, reflecting iron deficiency. Immunoblots on BBMV indicated that lack of activity in b/b vesicles was not due to a failure of DMT1 to localize to the BBMV; an excess of specific isoforms was present compared to +/b BBMV or duodenal extracts. Immunoblots from BLMV also exhibited enrichment in DMT1 isoforms, despite their distinct origin. Immunofluorescent staining of thin sections of b/b and +/b proximal intestines confirmed that DMT1 localized similarly in mutant and control enterocytes and showed that DMT1 isoforms have distinct distributions within intestinal tissue.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology