alexa Transport of gabapentin by LAT1 (SLC7A5).
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Dickens D, Webb SD, Antonyuk S, Giannoudis A, Owen A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gabapentin is used in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. Gabapentin has high and saturable permeability across the BBB, but no mechanistic studies underpinning this process have been reported. The aim of the current study was to investigate the transport of gabapentin in a model of the BBB, identify the important drug transporter(s) and to use mathematical modelling to quantify the processes involved. A human brain endothelial cell line (hCMEC/D3) was utilised as an in-vitro model of the BBB. Uptake of radiolabeled gabapentin into cells in the presence of chemical inhibitors, siRNA or overexpressed drug transporters of interest was investigated. Gabapentin was demonstrated to be a LAT1 substrate in brain endothelial cells (LAT1-process; Km=530μM and Vmax=7039pmoles/million cells/min versus other-processes; Km=923μM and Vmax=3656pmoles/million cells/min) and in transfected HEK 293 LAT1 cells (LAT1-process; Km=217μM and Vmax=5192pmoles/million cells/min versus otherprocesses; Km=1546μM and Vmax=3375pmoles/million cells/min). At physiological concentrations of gabapentin, LAT1 mediated transport was 3 or ~10-fold higher than the other transport processes in the two systems, respectively, demonstrating clear selectivity for gabapentin. In-silico structural homology modelling confirmed that LAT1 could have the LeuT conserved fold and functions by the alternative access mechanism. Mathematical modelling of this mechanism revealed revised significance of Vmax and Km so that a low Km may not necessarily imply a high affinity transport process. Gabapentin was negative for OCT like transport and LAT2 activity in the hCMEC/D3 and OCT1 transfected cells. Our data shows that gabapentin is a substrate for the influx transporter LAT1 at therapeutic concentrations. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]sonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords