alexa Transport of insulin and albumin by the microvascular endothelium of the rete mirabile.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Bendayan M, Rasio EA

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Abstract Vascular permeability for albumin and insulin in the continuous capillary network of the rete mirabile of the eel swimbladder was evaluated by ultrastructural immunocytochemistry and countercurrent perfusion experiments. Upon perfusion of the rete capillaries with a buffer solution containing albumin and insulin, these serum proteins were revealed at the electron microscope level, by the Protein A-gold immunocytochemical technique on a post-embedding step. For the simultaneous detection of both proteins, the double labeling technique with different sized gold particles was used. Furthermore, labeling was performed with the mixture of anti-albumin and anti-insulin anti-bodies. The labelings obtained were morphometrically evaluated and demonstrate that: (1) serum proteins such as albumin and insulin are transported by the endothelial cells through their plasmalemmal vesicular system; (2) insulin is transported preferentially to albumin; and (3) this transport involves different populations of plasmalemmal vesicles. Measurements of diffusion permeability coefficients have confirmed the preferential transport of insulin, its coefficient being higher than that of albumin. Conversely, when compared to that of insulin or sucrose, which are assumed to be markers of the paracellular diffusion, it was found to be much lower, indicating that transcytosis through the vesicular system is less efficient than diffusion along the intercellular junctions. These results indicate that transcytosis of insulin and albumin occurs via different sets of plasmalemmal vesicles, probably through receptor-mediated mechanisms, and that the overall rate of transport across the rete capillaries, with respect to paracellular diffusion, is higher for insulin than for albumin.
This article was published in J Cell Sci and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

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