alexa Transport of ions across the blood-brain barrier.


Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Author(s): Betz AL, Betz AL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Capillaries in the brain are formed by a uniquely specialized endothelial cell that regulates the movement of substances between blood and brain. Although they provide an impermeable barrier to some solutes, brain capillary endothelial cells facilitate the transcapillary exchange of others. In addition, they contain specific enzymes that contribute to a metabolic blood-brain barrier by limiting the movement of compounds such as neurotransmitters across the capillary wall. Studies of sodium and potassium transport by brain capillaries indicate that the endothelial cell contains distinct types of ion transport systems on the two sides of the capillary wall, i.e., the luminal and antiluminal membranes of the endothelial cell. As a result, specific solutes can be pumped across the capillary against an electrochemical gradient. These transport systems are likely to play a role in the active secretion of fluid from blood to brain and in maintaining a constant concentration of ions in the brain's interstitial fluid. In this way, the brain capillary endothelium is structurally and functionally related to an epithelium.
This article was published in Fed Proc and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version