Author(s): Kunarso G, Chia NY, Jeyakani J, Hwang C, Lu X,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Detection of new genomic control elements is critical in understanding transcriptional regulatory networks in their entirety. We studied the genome-wide binding locations of three key regulatory proteins (POU5F1, also known as OCT4; NANOG; and CTCF) in human and mouse embryonic stem cells. In contrast to CTCF, we found that the binding profiles of OCT4 and NANOG are markedly different, with only approximately 5\% of the regions being homologously occupied. We show that transposable elements contributed up to 25\% of the bound sites in humans and mice and have wired new genes into the core regulatory network of embryonic stem cells. These data indicate that species-specific transposable elements have substantially altered the transcriptional circuitry of pluripotent stem cells.
This article was published in Nat Genet
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy