Author(s): Sideris EB, Sideris SE, Fowlkes JP, Ehly RL, Smith JE,
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Abstract The feasibility and safety of transvenous closure of atrial septal defects by a new device was tested in 20 piglets, in which atrial septal defects were created by foramen ovale dilatation with angioplasty balloons. The device was small enough to be introduced in a 7F or 8F sheath, and it measured 20-25 mm. It has no hooks and consists of a foam occluder from the left atrium and a counter-occluder from the right atrium, buttoned independently. The animals were observed by angiography and color flow mapping, and they were electively killed at various intervals up to 2 months after occlusion. The device was not thrombogenic and had endothelialized by 2-3 weeks. All atrial defects were found to be completely occluded. Complications occurred only with the first three prototype devices, including counter-occluder detachment, right atrial perforation, and need for double occlusion and pulmonary artery embolization. No such complications occurred in the last 17 experiments because of modifications of the device and operator experience. These observations showed the feasibility of occlusion of moderate-size atrial septal defects in piglets by a new device introduced through a small sheath. The method appears promising for potential human application.
This article was published in Circulation
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics