alexa Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab Produce Changes in Morphology and Estrogen Receptor Signaling in Ovarian Cancer Xenografts Revealing New Treatment Strategies
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research

Author(s): Simon P Langdon, Annelien JM Zweemer, David J Harrison, Max Hasmann

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor effects of HER2-directed combination therapy in ovarian cancer xenograft models to evaluate their potential. The combinations of trastuzumab and pertuzumab, and trastuzumab and aromatase inhibitor therapy were investigated. Experimental Design: The effects of trastuzumab, pertuzumab, and letrozole on growth response, apoptosis, morphology, and gene and protein expression were evaluated in the SKOV3 ovarian cancer cell line xenograft and a panel of five human ovarian xenografts derived directly from clinical specimens. Results: The combination of HER2-directed antibodies showed enhanced antitumor activity compared with single antibody therapy in the SKOV3 xenograft model. Apoptosis, morphology, and estrogen-regulated gene expression were modulated by these antibodies in both spatial and temporal manners. A panel of ovarian cancer xenografts showed differential growth responses to the combination of trastuzumab and pertuzumab. High HER2 expression and increasing HER3 protein expression on treatment were associated with growth response. In trastuzumab-treated SKOV3 tumors, there was a change in tumor morphology, with a reduction in frequency of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-negative clear cell areas. Trastuzumab, but not pertuzumab, increased expression of ERα in SKOV3 xenografts when analyzed by quantitative immunofluorescence. ERα and downstream signaling targets were modulated by trastuzumab alone and in combination. Trastuzumab enhanced the responsiveness of SKOV3 xenografts to letrozole when given in combination.

This article was published in Journal of Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research and referenced in Journal of Molecular Pharmaceutics & Organic Process Research

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