Author(s): Andreasen JO, Bakland LK, Andreasen FM
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Abstract A prospective study of 140 intruded permanent teeth was examined for the following healing complications: pulp necrosis (PN), root resorption (RR; surface, inflammatory and replacement resorption), and defects in marginal periodontal bone healing (MA). The occurrence of these healing complications was related to various treatment factors such as treatment delay, method of repositioning (i.e. expecting re-eruption, orthodontic reposition and surgical reposition), type of splint (rigid, semirigid and flexible), length of splinting (days) and the use of antibiotics. Treatment delay, i.e. before and after 24 h, had no effect upon healing. Active repositioning in individuals with incomplete root formation (surgical or orthodontic) had a negative effect upon the three healing parameters compared with spontaneous eruption. In teeth with complete root formation and an age of 12-17 no repositioning was still the best treatment in regard to MA. In individuals older than 17 years of age, cases were not anticipated to spontaneously erupt and in these cases, the general choice of treatment was either active orthodontic or surgical repositioning. The former procedure appeared in this treatment scenario to slightly reduce the risk of MA complications. However, this treatment procedure was also found to be more time demanding (an average of 22 consultations for orthodontic repositioning compared with 17 consultations for surgical repositioning). If a surgical repositioning was performed, the type of splint (i.e. flexible, semirigid or rigid) appeared to have no significant effect on the type of healing. The same applied to the length of splinting time (shorter or longer than 6 weeks). No effect of dentin covering procedures for associated crown fractures (enamel-dentin fractures) could be demonstrated. Likewise, antibiotics had no apparent effect upon healing. In conclusion, in patients with intruded teeth with incomplete root formation, spontaneous eruption should be expected. In patients with completed root formation and with an age of 12-17 spontaneous eruption can still occur, but must be monitored very carefully. In older patients (i.e. >17 years) with completed root formation, either surgical or orthodontic extrusion should be attempted. The latter procedure appeared to lead to a slight reduction (not significant) in the risk of MA complications. The extent and direction of the intrusion may however favour surgical repositioning.
This article was published in Dent Traumatol
and referenced in Pediatric Dental Care