alexa Treating hyperglycemia in neurocritical patients: benefits and perils.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Godoy DA, Di Napoli M, Rabinstein AA, Godoy DA, Di Napoli M, Rabinstein AA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is growing debate over the value of intensive insulin therapy (IIT) in critically ill patients. Available trials have been performed in general medical or surgical intensive care units, and the results may not be directly applicable to patients with severe acute brain disease because these patients may have heightened susceptibility to hyperglycemia (HyperG) and hypoglycemia. Our objective was to review the pathophysiology and effects of HyperG and hypoglycemia in neurocritical patients and to analyze the potential role of IIT in this population. Source data were obtained from a PubMed search of the medical literature combining the terms HyperG, hypoglycemia, insulin, stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injury (SCI), and related diagnoses. Brain metabolism is highly dependent on constant supply of glucose. As a consequence, the acutely injured brain is particularly sensitive to hypoglycemia, which can induce a state of energy failure (metabolic crisis). Meanwhile, neurocritical patients have a high prevalence of HyperG, and its occurrence is associated with poor outcome after acute ischemic stroke, ICH, SAH, and TBI. It is unclear whether this association is due to direct detrimental effects exerted by HyperG or simply represents a marker of severe brain injury. Insulin has been shown to have various potentially pleiotropic neuroprotective properties in experimental models. However, the safety and efficacy of IIT in patients with critical brain disease have not been well studied. Available results do not support the use of IIT to maintain strict normoglycemia in this population. Patients with critical brain disease should have frequent glucose monitoring because severe HyperG and even modest hypoglycemia may be detrimental. Careful use of insulin infusion protocols appears advisable, but maintenance of strict normoglycemia cannot be recommended. Rigorous studies must be conducted to assess the value of insulin therapy and to determine the optimal blood glucose targets in patients with the most common acute vascular and traumatic brain insults. This article was published in Neurocrit Care and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords