alexa Treatment of cat allergy with T-cell reactive peptides.
Medicine

Medicine

Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Norman PS, Ohman JL Jr, Long AA, Creticos PS, Gefter MA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We induced in allergic humans the counterpart of murine experimental T-cell tolerance. T-cell lines from cat-allergic humans were used to map T-cell epitopes for the principal allergen of cat dander, Fel d 1. Two peptides of 27 amino acids each were synthesized to contain the dominant epitopes (ALLERVAX CAT). After a safety trial, we carried out a blinded study of the dose required for efficacy. We randomly divided 95 cat-sensitive patients into placebo, 7.5 micrograms, 75 micrograms, and 750 micrograms groups. Patients received a subcutaneous injection weekly for 4 wk. Before and after treatment, patients were exposed in a room inhabited by live cats and scored by nose and lung symptoms. Baseline nasal and lung scores (+/-SEM) were 6.2 +/- 0.56 and 5.4 +/- 0.73 in the 750 micrograms group; 7.8 +/- 0.53 and 4.7 +/- 0.68 in the placebo group. Six weeks after treatment, scores adjusted for baseline differences were reduced in the 750 micrograms group: -2.3 +/- 4.9 and -2.3 +/- 0.59 compared with -0.84 +/- 0.50 and -0.85 +/- 0.62 in the placebo group. The 75 micrograms group showed intermediate effects and the 7.5 micrograms group no effect. Linear trend analysis indicated a significant dose response effect: p = 0.05 for nose and 0.03 for lung symptoms. Allergic side effects occurred an hour or more after the first 750 micrograms dose in 16 of 24 patients but required little or no treatment with one exception. T-cell reactive treatment peptides safely improved allergic responses to cats. This article was published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords