alexa Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with roflumilast, a new phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Gross NJ, Giembycz MA, Rennard SI

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent advances in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment offer symptom relief, but disease modification remains an unmet goal of pharmacotherapy. Reducing the frequency and severity of COPD exacerbations may help slow disease progression and reduce the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with these major events. Other desirable characteristics for a COPD treatment include a once-daily dosing schedule, an oral formulation, and a low frequency of systemic side effects. Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors have been in clinical development for some years and roflumilast is currently the most advanced of these agents. In this review, the preclinical evidence, clinical safety, and efficacy of roflumilast available in published reports are considered. The data reviewed here suggest that the clinical efficacy of roflumilast occurs through a mechanism unrelated to bronchodilation and may be due to the suppression of lung inflammation. Lung function improved with roflumilast treatment and in some studies, the reduction in exacerbations was substantial and statistically significant. Notably, this effect appeared to be greatest in the subgroup of patients with more severe disease and more severe exacerbations. The evaluation of roflumilast safety largely centers on gastrointestinal adverse events, with diarrhea, nausea, and weight loss occurring more frequently with the drug than placebo. If approved for general use, we expect roflumilast to find its role initially as a substitute for inhaled corticosteroids in the maintenance treatment of severe and very severe disease, particularly in patients who have frequent acute exacerbations, and perhaps as a supplementary drug when symptoms are not adequately controlled by current conventional COPD therapy. This article was published in COPD and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Shoude Jin
    Mechanisms of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway smooth muscle remodeling: the potential roles of Abhd2
    PDF Version
  • Alsayed Alnahal
    Urinary netrin-1 predict early ischemic acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ping Yang
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicating early-stage lung cancer (LC)
    PDF Version
  • Gunilla Lindqvist
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A study of the relationship between patients’ feeling of guilt due to their belief of the disease being self inflicted
    PDF Version
  • Roger Mark Engel
    The effect of including manual therapy in the management of mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – a randomized controlled trial
    PDF Version
  • Rupal Patel Mansukhani
    Correlation of Medication Therapy in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Patients with 30-day Readmission Rates
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hadeel Faisal Gad
    In-vitro analysis of cytokines responses of visceral leishmaniasis and pulmonary tuberculosis patients to homologous and heterologous antigen stimulation
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Shivanand Reddy
    Relation between low serum testosterone level and peripheral arterial disease in men and clinical evaluation of effect of testosterone administration
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xin Wang
    IL17 Pathway Involves Moderating Pulmonary Hypertension, a common complication of COPD, in Statins Therapy in Smoking Rats
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alex Bekker
    Optimal Perioperative Management of Arterial Blood Pressure. How high is high? How low is low?
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version