Author(s): Kilmer SL, Wheeland RG, Goldberg DJ, Anderson RR
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: The removal of benign, aesthetically important, pigmented lesions can be effectively treated with multiple modalities. Selective removal of the pigment by lasers is becoming increasingly popular. A three-center trial evaluated the effectiveness of the frequency-doubled Q-switched neodymium (Nd):YAG laser (532 nm, 2.0-mm spot size, 10 nanoseconds) in removing benign epidermal pigmented lesions with a single treatment. Forty-nine patients were treated for multiple lentigines (n = 37), for cafe au lait macules (n = 7), and for miscellaneous lesions (n = 5). Treatment areas were divided into four quadrants, irradiated with fluences of 2, 3, 4, or 5 J/cm2 and evaluated at 1- and 3-month intervals following treatment. RESULTS: For lentigines, response was related to dose with a greater than 75\% pigment removal achieved in 60\% of those lesions treated at higher energy fluences. Responses were more variable with other lesions, with fair-to-good improvement noted in most cases. Mild, transient erythema; hypopigmentation; and hyperpigmentation were noted in several patients, but resolved spontaneously within 3 months. No other textural changes, scarring, or other side effects were noted. CONCLUSION: The frequency-doubled Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (532 nm) safely and effectively treats benign epidermal pigmented lesions.
This article was published in Arch Dermatol
and referenced in Dermatology and Dermatologic Diseases