alexa Treatment of fatliquoring effluent from a tannery using membrane separation process: experimental and modeling.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Prabhavathy C, De S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Treatment of fatliquoring effluent generated from a tannery, using a hybrid separation process involving gravity settling, two step coagulation, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis is presented in this study. The optimum dose of coagulation, i.e., 0.5\% (w/v) of ferrous sulfate followed by 0.15\% (w/v) calcium oxide resulted in reduction of chemical oxygen demand from 13,688 to 4921 mg/l. Low pressure nanofiltration of the supernatant was carried out in the range of 828-1242 kPa. Chemical oxygen demand of the nanofiltration permeate varied from about 1300-2700 mg/l depending upon the operating conditions. To bring the chemical oxygen demand value less than the allowable permissible limit in India (250 mg/l), nanofiltration permeate was subjected to reverse osmosis (operating pressure range from 1313 to 1724 kPa). The final treated effluent, i.e., reverse osmosis permeate had chemical oxygen demand values in the range of 117-174 mg/l. The membrane filtration experiments included flow in laminar, laminar with turbulent promoter and turbulent flow regimes. Using a combination of osmotic pressure and solution diffusion model for both nanofiltration and reverse osmosis, three transport coefficients, namely, the effective osmotic coefficient, solute diffusivity and solute permeability through the membrane were obtained by comparing the permeate flux and permeate concentrations using the model calculated values and the experimental data. The calculated data agreed closely with the experimental values. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Hazard Mater and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords