Author(s): Heyerdahl H, Krogh C, Borrebk J, Larsen , Dahle J
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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the cytotoxic effects of low-dose-rate alpha particle-emitting radioimmunoconjugate (227)Th-p-isothiocyanato-benzyl-DOTA-trastuzumab ((227)Th-trastuzumab [where DOTA is 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid]) internalized by breast and ovarian cancer cell lines in order to assess the potential of (227)Th-trastuzumab as a therapeutic agent against metastatic cancers that overexpress the HER2 oncogene. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clonogenic survival and cell growth rates of breast cancer cells treated with (227)Th-trastuzumab were compared with rates of cells treated with nonbinding (227)Th-rituximab, cold trastuzumab, and X-radiation. Cell growth experiments were also performed with ovarian cancer cells. Cell-associated radioactivity was measured at several time points, and the mean radiation dose to cells was calculated. RESULTS: SKBR-3 cells got 50\% of the mean absorbed radiation dose from internalized activity and 50\% from cell surface-bound activity, while BT-474 and SKOV-3 cells got 75\% radiation dose from internalized activity and 25\% from cell surface-bound activity. Incubation of breast cancer cells with 2.5 kBq/ml (227)Th-trastuzumab for 1 h at 4°C, followed by washing, resulted in mean absorbed radiation doses of 2 to 2.5 Gy. A dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth and an increase in apoptosis were induced in all cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically relevant activity concentrations of (227)Th-trastuzumab induced a specific cytotoxic effect in three HER2-expressing cell lines. The cytotoxic effect of (227)Th-trastuzumab was higher than that of single-dose X-radiation (relative biological effectiveness = 1.2). These results warrant further studies of treatment of breast cancer and ovarian cancer with (227)Th-trastuzumab. Copyright Â© 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys
and referenced in Anthropology