alexa Treatment of small lower pole calculi--SWL vs. URS vs. PNL?
Surgery

Surgery

Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Knoll T, Tasca A, Buchholz NP

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Abstract According to current guideline recommendations extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) remains the first choice treatment for small and mid-sized renal calculi. However, the results of SWL treatment for lower pole stones can be disappointing whilst more invasive endoscopic modalities, such as flexible ureterorenoscopy (fURS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) are often considered more effective. This article summarizes a point-counterpoint discussion at the 9th eULIS symposium in Como, Italy, and discusses the potential advantages and disadvantages of the different therapeutic approaches.
This article was published in Arch Ital Urol Androl and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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