alexa Treatment of the methanogenic landfill leachate with thin open channel reverse osmosis membrane modules.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

International Journal of Waste Resources

Author(s): Li F, Wichmann K, Heine W

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Abstract A leachate purification system, equipped with the thin open channel spiral wound modules, is studied in this paper. In Phase I, effluent from an activated sludge process followed by the flocculation/sedimentation process was fed into the landfill leachate treatment unit. After 2 wk of operation, the permeate flux dropped dramatically, from an average value of 6.5l/m(2)/h to 4.23 l/m(2)/h. The significant decline of membrane flux was likely caused by membrane fouling. In Phase II, raw leachate was fed directly into the reverse osmosis leachate treatment system. An average flux of 7.8l/m(2)/h was maintained at an initial trans-membrane pressure difference of 20 bar, which increased to 40 bar before membrane chemical cleaning. An average recovery rate of 70\% was achieved. Throughout the observation in Phase II, an average reduction rate of 98.2\% for the dissolved solids was obtained. The reduction rate of COD was greater than 99.5\% with a constant level of the permeate COD. Chloride was eliminated by more than 99\%, while over 98\% of NH(4)-N was reduced. A negligible permeate flux drop was observed after cleaning the membrane effectively. The study shows that direct reverse osmosis membrane filtration with thin open channel spiral wound modules is able to achieve satisfactory results in terms of water quality, process stability and membrane flux. The obtained quality of the permeate quality in this study met the German standards for leachate discharge. At the end of each filtration cycle, the membrane was maintained through alkaline chemical cleaning in order to remove any irreversible membrane fouling. After the maintenance procedure, the membrane flux was found to recover to the initial value. This article was published in Waste Manag and referenced in International Journal of Waste Resources

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