Author(s): Roberge FG, de Smet MD, Benichou J, Kriete MF, Raber J,
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Abstract AIM: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-13 (IL-13) for the treatment of uveitis. METHODS: Uveitis was induced in monkeys by immunisation with human retinal S-antigen. Starting at the onset of disease, the animals were treated with IL-13 at 25 micrograms/kg, or vehicle control, injected subcutaneously once a day for 28 days. Intraocular inflammation was scored by indirect ophthalmoscopy for a period of 56 days. Circulating leucocyte levels were monitored. RESULTS: Uveitis started unilaterally in all but one animal. IL-13 inhibited inflammation both in the eyes in which the disease was present when the treatment was initiated (p = 0.0001), and in the contralateral initially negative eyes (p = 0.0001). After cessation of therapy, there was a progressive increase of inflammation in the IL-13 treated group. However, the beneficial effect of IL-13 extended into the 4 week follow up period. IL-13 produced an increase in circulating polymorphonuclear neutrophils and a decrease in lymphocytes. CONCLUSION: Administration of IL-13 appears to be a promising modality of treatment for severe uveitis.
This article was published in Br J Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology