Author(s): Logue CH, Phillips AT, Mossel EC, Ledermann JP, Welte T,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Having recently characterized a CD-1 outbred mouse model of pathogenesis for Western equine encephalitis virus, we examined the possible protective effects of cationic liposome-DNA complexes (CLDCs) against encephalitic arboviral infection. In this investigation, mice were pre-treated, co-treated, or post-treated with CLDC then challenged with a subcutaneous or aerosol dose of the highly virulent WEEV-McMillan strain, lethal in mice 4-5 days after inoculation. Pre-treatment with CLDCs provided a significant protective effect in mice, which was reflected in significantly increased survival rates. Further, in some instances a therapeutic effect of CLDC administration up to 12h after WEEV challenge was observed. Mice treated with CLDC had significantly increased serum IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-12, suggesting a strong Th1-biased antiviral activation of the innate immune system. In virus-infected animals, large increases in production of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, MCP-1, IL-12, and IL-10 in the brain were observed by 72h after infection, consistent with neuroinvasion and viral replication in the CNS. These results indicate that strong non-specific activation of innate immunity with an immune therapeutic such as CLDC is capable of eliciting significant protective immunity against a rapidly lethal strain of WEEV and suggest a possible prophylactic option for exposed individuals. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Antiviral Res
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy