alexa Treatment with high dose of atorvastatin reduces vascular injury in diabetic rats.

Journal of Bioengineering and Bioelectronics

Author(s): Simes FV, de Batista PR, Botelho T, RibeiroJnior RF, Padilha AS,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous reports showed conflicting results regarding the treatment effects of statin on Diabetes mellitus (DM). We investigated how treatment with high dose of atorvastatin affects the impaired vascular function in diabetic rats. METHODS: Atorvastatin (80mg/kg/day, oral gavage, 4 weeks) or its vehicle was administered to male control or streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Aortic segments were used to investigate the vascular reactivity, protein expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH oxidase) 1 (NOX1) and superoxide anions levels. RESULTS: Atorvastatin treatment did not affect glycemia levels. In diabetic rats, the vascular reactivity to phenylephrine increased compared with controls and the atorvastatin treatment reduced this response. Removal of the endothelium increased the response to phenylephrine in control rats, but not in the diabetic group. Atorvastatin increased the endothelial modulation in diabetic rats. L-NAME (100μM) increased the reactivity in all groups, but this effect was greater in atorvastatin-treated diabetic rats. Indomethacin (10μM) and NS398 (1μM) decreased the contractile response in diabetic rats and atorvastatin reversed these effects, without changing COX-2 expression. Apocynin (30μM) decreased the phenylephrine response in diabetic rats, which also showed increased NOX1 and superoxide anions; these effects were prevented by atorvastatin treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that treatment with high dose of atorvastatin, independent of glycemia, improves endothelial function in aortas from diabetic rats by reducing the constrictor prostanoids derived from COX-2 and by reducing the oxidative stress by NADPH oxidase, as well as a possible increasing of nitric oxide participation. Copyright © 2016 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved. This article was published in Pharmacol Rep and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering and Bioelectronics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords