alexa Triterpenoid saponins from the stem bark of Elattostachys apetala.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): Lavaud C, Crublet ML, Pouny I, Litaudon M, Svenet T

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Abstract Six new triterpenoid saponins have been isolated from the stem bark of Elattostachys apetala together with four known triterpenoid saponins. Three of these new compounds are glycosides of a newly described genin, 29-hydroxyhederagenin (1). On the basis of spectral evidence, the structures of the new saponins were concluded to be alpha-hederin 28-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (2), sapindoside B 28-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (3), 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl astrantiasaponin VII (4), 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl]-28-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-29-hydroxyhederagenin (5), 3-O-[alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl]-28-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-29-hydroxyhederagenin (6), and 3-O-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl]-28-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-gluco pyranosyl-(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-29-hydroxyhederagenin (7).
This article was published in Phytochemistry and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

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