Author(s): Small LN, Ross JJ
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Abstract Pyomyositis is a primary infection of skeletal muscle not arising from contiguous infection, presumably hematogenous in origin, and often, but not invariably, associated with abscess formation. Classically, pyomyositis is an infection of the tropics, occurring in previously active and healthy young men. Pyomyositis in temperate countries is often regarded as an infection that occurs in hosts who are immunocompromised or otherwise debilitated. However,this distinction may be somewhat artificial, as tropical pyomyositis may be partly related to underlying infection with HIV or parasites, and temperate pyomyositis has been reported in healthy and athletic persons. This article discusses the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of pyomyositis in the tropical and temperate settings.
This article was published in Infect Dis Clin North Am
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