Author(s): Lawn SD, Butera ST, Shinnick TM
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Abstract The granuloma plays a critical role in the host immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, containing the organism and confining it in a latent state in most infected individuals. Indeed, approximately one-third of the world's population has latent M. tuberculosis infection. However, over the past decade, the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pandemic has profoundly affected the incidence and clinicopathological features of tuberculosis. This review examines the immunological mechanisms whereby HIV-1 impairs the establishment, maintenance and function of the tuberculous granuloma.
This article was published in Microbes Infect
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology