Author(s): Talwar S, Talwar R, Prasad P
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Abstract The hospital records of 58 patients operated on for tuberculous perforations of the small intestines at our hospital between 1987 and 1996 were reviewed. Clinical features were non-specific in the majority of the patients. Pneumoperitoneum on abdominal radiographs was present in only 28 (48.3\%) patients. Forty-five (77.6\%) were operated on within 36 hours of perforation. Surgical management consisted of resection and end-to-end anastomosis (n = 45); oval excision of the perforation and transverse anastomosis reinforced with an omental patch (n = 7); ileo-transverse colostomy (n = 5); and peritoneal drainage only (n = 1). There were 17 deaths (29.3\%). Adverse prognostic factors were operation beyond 36 hours (p < 0.01), multiple perforations (p < 0.001), and faecal fistula formation (p < 0.01). Mortality was least with early resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the perforated bowel segment. We conclude that a high index of suspicion is essential for early diagnosis and optimal treatment of patients with tuberculous intestinal perforations.
This article was published in Int J Clin Pract
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports