Author(s): Tsuzuki T, Tokuyama Y, Igarashi M, Miyazawa T
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Abstract We have previously shown that conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) prepared by alkaline isomerization have a stronger antitumor effect than conjugated linoleic acids (CLA). In this study we have compared the suppressive effect on tumor growth of alpha-eleostearic acid (alpha-ESA, 9Z11E13E-18:3) with those of the CLA isomers 9Z11E-CLA and 10E12Z-CLA, using nude mice into which DLD-1 human colon cancer cells were transplanted. The results showed that alpha-ESA, which is a CLnA that can be prepared from natural sources in bulk, had a stronger antitumor effect than CLA. DNA fragmentation was enhanced and lipid peroxidation was increased in tumor tissues of the alpha-ESA-fed mice, which suggested that alpha-ESA induced apoptosis via lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, treatment of DLD-1 cells with alpha-ESA, 9Z11E-CLA and 10E12Z-CLA confirmed that alpha-ESA had a stronger antitumor effect than CLA in cultured cell lines. The induction of apoptosis by alpha-ESA was consistent with enhanced DNA fragmentation, increased caspase activity and increased expression of caspase mRNA following alpha-ESA treatment. Addition of alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant, suppressed oxidative stress and apoptosis, suggesting that these effects were associated with lipid peroxidation.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics