alexa Tumor necrosis factor-α elevates neurite outgrowth through an NF-κB-dependent pathway in cultured adult sensory neurons: Diminished expression in diabetes may contribute to sensory neuropathy.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Saleh A, Smith DR, Balakrishnan S, Dunn L, Martens C, , Saleh A, Smith DR, Balakrishnan S, Dunn L, Martens C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The presence of a proinflammatory environment in the sensory neuron axis in diabetes was tested by measuring levels of proinflammatory cytokines in lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and peripheral nerve from age matched control and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and other cytokines were diminished in lumbar DRG from diabetic animals. Consequently, we tested the hypothesis that TNFα modulated axonal plasticity in adult sensory neurons and posited that impairments in this signal transduction pathway may underlie degeneration in diabetic sensory neuropathy. Cultured adult rat sensory neurons were grown under defined conditions and TNFα caused a dose-dependent 2-fold (P<0.05) elevation in neurite outgrowth. Neurons derived from 3 to 5month STZ-induced diabetic rats exhibited significantly reduced levels of neurite outgrowth in response to TNFα. TNFα enhanced NF-κB activity as assessed using Western blotting and plasmid reporter technology. Blockade of TNFα-induction of NF-κB activation caused inhibition of neurite outgrowth in cultured neurons. Immunofluorescent staining for NF-κB subunit p50 within neuronal nuclei revealed that medium to large diameter neurons were most susceptible to NF-κB inhibition and was associated with decreased neurite outgrowth. The results demonstrating reduced cytokine expression in DRG confirm that diabetic sensory neuropathy does not involve a neuroinflammatory component at this stage of the disease in experimental animal models. In addition, it is hypothesized that reduced TNFα expression in the DRG and possibly associated deficits in anterograde transport may contribute to impaired collatoral sprouting and regeneration in target tissue in type 1 diabetes. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]micsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords