alexa Twisted mannitol crystals establish homologous growth mechanisms for high-polymer and small-molecule ring-banded spherulites.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

Author(s): Shtukenberg AG, Cui X, Freudenthal J, Gunn E, Camp E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract D-Mannitol belongs to a large and growing family of crystals with helical morphologies (Yu, L. J. Am. Chem. Soc.2003, 125, 6380). Two polymorphs of D-mannitol, α and δ, when grown in the presence of additives such as poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) or D-sorbitol, form ring-banded spherulites composed of handed helical fibrils, where the helix axes correspond to the radial growth directions. The two polymorphs form helices with opposite senses in the presence of PVP but the same sense in the presence of D-sorbitol. The characteristic dimensions of the fibrils, including thickness, aspect ratio, and pitch, were determined by scanning probe and electron microscopies. These values must form the basis of any theory that presupposes what forces give rise to crystal twisting, a problem that has been broached but unsettled in the literature of polymer crystallization. The interdependence of the rhythmic variations of both linear and circular birefringence, as determined by Mueller matrix microscopy, informs the cooperative organization of mannitol fibers. The microstructure of mannitol ring-banded spherulites compares favorably to that of high polymers and is evaluated within the context of current theories of crystal twisting. © 2012 American Chemical Society This article was published in J Am Chem Soc and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 2nd Euro Global Summit and Expo on Biomass
    September 21-22, 2017 Madrid, Spain
  • 7th International Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    October 2-4, 2017 Toronto, Canada
  • 3rd International Conference on Chemical Engineering
    October 2-4, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA
  • 6th International Congress on Biofuels, Bioenergy and Bioeconomy
    December 04-06, 2017 Sao Paulo, Brazil
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords