alexa Two cases of type E infant botulism caused by neurotoxigenic Clostridium butyricum in Italy.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Aureli P, Fenicia L, Pasolini B, Gianfranceschi M, McCroskey LM, , Aureli P, Fenicia L, Pasolini B, Gianfranceschi M, McCroskey LM,

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Abstract The first two confirmed cases of type E infant botulism occurred in two 16-week-old girls in Rome, Italy. The original diagnosis for the first patient was intestinal blockage due to an ileocecal invagination, which was treated surgically. Postoperatively, the patient became unresponsive and required ventilatory assistance. A diagnosis of infant botulism was then made. The second infant presented to the same hospital 7 1/2 months later with profound weakness, hypotonicity, mydriasis, and areflexia. This case was recognized as possible botulism at admission. Both cases were confirmed by detection and identification of type E botulinal toxin in stool specimens and in enrichment cultures of those specimens. The toxigenic organisms isolated were quite different from Clostridium botulinum type E. The apparent causative organism in each case resembles Clostridium butyricum but produces a neurotoxin that is indistinguishable from type E botulinal toxin by its effects on mice and by its neutralization with type E botulinal antitoxin.
This article was published in J Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

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