alexa Two Promoter Polymorphisms Regulating Interleukin-6 Gene Expression Are Associated with Circulating Levels of C-Reactive Protein and Markers of Bone Resorption in Postmenopausal Women
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Ferrari SL, AhnLuong L, Garnero P, Humphries SE, Greenspan SL

Abstract Share this page

IL-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that plays a critical role in bone resorption. We describe two allelic variants in the IL-6 promoter, -572 and -174 G-->C, that alone and in combination influence IL-6 activity in vitro and in vivo. The association of IL-6 -572 genotypes and -572/-174 G-->C haplotypes with serum C-reactive protein (CRP), serum and urinary C-terminal cross-linking of type I collagen (a marker of bone resorption), and osteocalcin (a marker of bone formation) was investigated in a cohort of healthy postmenopausal women (n = 495; mean age +/- SD, 72 +/- 5.7 yr). Among IL-6 -572 genotypes, CRP was 37% higher (P = 0.02) and urinary C-terminal cross-linking of type I collagen was 20% higher (P = 0.01) in the presence of the C allele, whereas serum osteocalcin was not different. IL-6 -572/-174 haplotypes (G/C, G/G, and C/G) were significantly associated with all biochemical markers, and additive effects of the two polymorphic loci were found. Thus, there was a significant increase in the level of CRP (up to +79%; P = 0.007) and bone resorption markers (up to +32%; P = 0.017) with a decreasing number (from four to one) of IL-6 protective alleles -572G and -174C. In addition, there was a trend for lower age-adjusted bone mineral density at the lumbar spine in subjects with less IL-6 protective alleles (up to -9.6%; P = 0.037; P = 0.08 after further adjustment for weight). In conclusion, we describe two functional polymorphisms in the IL-6 gene regulatory region associated with IL-6 activity in postmenopausal women, both systemically (CRP) and locally in bone. As such, IL-6 polymorphisms are able to influence the risk of osteoporosis as well as other chronic disorders involving IL-6 activity.

This article was published in J Clin Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Rasha Mosa
    Effects of growth hormone secretagogue receptor agonist and antagonist in non-obese Type 2 Diabetes MKR mice
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nisreen K Aref
    To compare serum leptin levels in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normal ovulatory obese subjects in Saudi Arabia, and to evaluate the interrelationship between leptin concentration, sex hormones, and insulin resistance.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • George R. Bousfield
    Influence of Glycans on Biological Activities of Pituitary Gonadotropins: Follicle-Stimulating and Luteinizing Hormone
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • P Krishnamoorthy
    Relationship of mineral and hormone profile of bovines with reproductive disorders in organized dairy farms in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • John Arnold D Souza
    Low levels of pesticides disrupt the pituitary- Gonadal hormone functions and reproductive functions in male rodent model
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Martha M Sklavos
    Anti-Müllerian hormone deficiency in females with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes
    PDF Version
  • Fuad Fares
    Developing long acting agonists and antagonists of glycoprotein hormones using gene fusion and gene transfer: From bench to clinics
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Paul J. Davis
    Nanotetrac targets the thyroid hormone receptor on integrin αvβ3 on tumor cells to promote apoptosis, disorder cell defense pathways and block angiogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • A Martin Gerdes
    Wrong about β-blockers! Wrong about positive inotropes! Wrong about Thyroid Hormone treatment of Heart Failure?
    PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version