Author(s): Nguyen QA, Tucker MP, Keller FA, Eddy FP
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Abstract Whole tree chips obtained from softwood forest thinnings were pretreated via single- and two-stage dilute-sulfuric acid pretreatment. Whole-tree chips were impregnated with dilute sulfuric acid and steam treated in a 4-L steam explosion reactor. In single-stage pretreatment, wood chips were treated using a wide range of severity. In two-stage pretreatment, the first stage was carried out at low severity to maximize hemicellulose recovery. Solubilized sugars were recovered from the first-stage prehydrolysate by washing with water. In the second stage, water-insoluble solids from first-stage prehydrolysate were impregnated with dilute sulfuric acid, then steam treated at more severe conditions to hydrolyze a portion of the remaining cellulose to glucose and to improve the enzyme digestibility. The total sugar yields obtained after enzymatic hydrolysis of two-stage dilute acid-pretreated samples were compared with sugar yields from single-stage pretreatment. The overall sugar yield from two-stage dilute-acid pretreatment was approx 10\% higher, and the net enzyme requirement was reduced by about 50\%. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using an adapted Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strain further improved cellulose conversion yield and lowered the enzyme requirement.
This article was published in Appl Biochem Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology