Author(s): Patel P, Mirakhur A, ElMagd KM, ElMatty AN, AlGhafri D
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to illustrate the various characteristics including care of patients and changes in lifestyle of type 2 diabetics during Ramadan in Dhahira region, Oman. METHODS: This was a hospital-based study conducted during the month of Ramadan in 2006. Of the 453 recruited, 334 (73.7\%) with complete data were analyzed. Student t test was used for comparison of means and Chi-square test for proportions. RESULTS: We analyzed 334 patients with type 2 diabetes. The common complication associated with diabetes was coronary artery disease (19.5\%) and nearly 60\% of the study subjects had hypertension as co-morbidity. There was little or no change in the lifestyle activities and Insulin/Oral AntiDiabetic Drug (OAD) doses during Ramadan. Majority of diabetics had poorly controlled Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and Body Mass Index (BMI). The overall mean weight change was -0.49 ± 1.54 SD. There was a significant weight loss during Ramadan (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The large proportions of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes patients in our region represent a challenge to our physicians during Ramadan. There is a need to improve diabetic management and intensive education before fasting. Clear guidelines for diabetic management including uncontrolled diabetics during Ramadan are essential in Oman.
This article was published in Oman Med J
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism