alexa Tyrosine phosphatase 1B and leptin receptor genes and their interaction in type 2 diabetes.


Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Author(s): Santaniemi M, Ukkola O, Kesniemi YA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: The association between three tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) gene polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes was examined by comparing the prevalence rates of these polymorphisms in type 2 diabetic patients and healthy control subjects. Furthermore, the association of the polymorphisms and PTP1B and leptin receptor (LepR) gene-gene interactions with complications of type 2 diabetes were examined in type 2 diabetic patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 257 Finnish patients with type 2 diabetes and 285 nondiabetic subjects were screened. Single nucleotide polymorphisms were determined using polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzymes. The diagnosis of coronary heart disease was based on clinical and ECG criteria. The prevalences of cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases were assessed on the basis of clinical criteria. Laboratory analyses were carried out in the hospital laboratory. RESULTS: We did not find any differences in the genotype distributions or allele frequencies of IVS6 + G82A and Pro387Leu polymorphisms between the type 2 diabetics and controls. There were differences in the genotype frequencies of the Pro303Pro (C981T)-polymorphism between the two studied groups (P = 0,018); there were eight T981T subjects in the control population but none amongst the type 2 diabetics. However, there were no differences in the allele frequencies. In addition, significant associations between the IVS6 + G82A polymorphism and body mass index (BMI), albuminuria, glycohaemoglobin A1 (GHBA1) and hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients (P = 0,026-0,031) were observed. Pro387Leu and Pro303Pro did not associate with risk factors or diabetic complications. We also found a gene-gene interaction effect between PTP1B and the LepR gene with the genotype combination IVS6 + A82A and Arg223Arg having the highest BMI compared with the other genotype combinations (P = 0.0043 for trend). The interaction between these two polymorphisms explained 3\% of the variation in BMI in diabetic patients when the other covariates were taken into account. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the PTP1B IVS6 + G82A polymorphism was associated with BMI, albuminuria, GHBA1 and hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients. The 981T/T-genotype of the Pro303Pro- polymorphism might have some protective role against the development of type 2 diabetes. The interaction effects between the PTP1B IVS6 + A82A and LepR Arg223Arg genotypes influenced BMI, explaining 3\% of its variation. A synergistic effect of PTP1B and LepR variants on the leptin signalling may be involved. This article was published in J Intern Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version