Author(s): Thomas Jan Heyse, Ahmed Khefacha, Philippe Cartier
Introduction: Safety and efficacy of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been shown in large patient series. Patellofemoral replacement (PFR) is known to be a viable solution to end-stage patellofemoral arthritis. Bicompartmental osteoarthritis (OA) affecting the medial tibio-femoral and the patello-femoral compartment (medio-patellofemoral OA) is often treated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that medio-patellofemoral OA can successfully be treated with bicompartmental arthroplasty.
Method: In a retrospective approach nine patients who had received UKA in combination with PFR were included into the study. Intact ACL and lateral compartment were conditions for the indication. Patients were clinically examined including clinical scores (KSS and WOMAC) and radiographies were evaluated. Satisfaction of patients was recorded under four categories.
Results: Average follow-up after bicompartmental arthroplasty was 11.8 ± 5.4 years (4–17 years). Among the nine patients there were eight females and one male at an average age at operation of 64 ± 5 years. No surgical revisions were required following bicompartmental arthroplasty. The KSS score increased from a preoperative 68.8 ± 26.2 to 175.5 ± 22.9 at latest follow-up (p = 0.002). WOMAC was 18.3 ± 8.6 at latest follow-up. All patients included were satisfied (n = 3) or very satisfied (n = 6) with the outcome of this surgical procedure.
Conclusion: This small case series shows that a bicompartmental arthroplasty can be a successful approach to prevent or postpone TKA. However, this intervention is technically demanding and requires experience in both UKA and PFR.