Author(s): Tuulmets A
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Abstract The effect of ultrasound on the rates of homogeneous heterolytic reactions not switched to a free radical pathway can be explained by the perturbation of the molecular organization of or the solvation in the reacting system. A quantitative analysis of the sonochemical acceleration on the basis of the microreactor concept was carried out. It was found that (1) the Diels-Alder reaction cannot be accelerated by ultrasound except when SET or free radical processes are promoted, (2) the rectified diffusion during cavitation cannot be responsible for the acceleration of reactions, and (3) the sonochemical acceleration of polar homogeneous reactions takes place in the bulk reaction medium. This implies the presence of a 'sound-field' sonochemistry besides the 'hot-spot' sonochemistry. The occurrence of a sonochemical deceleration effect can be predicted.
This article was published in Ultrason Sonochem
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal