alexa Ultrastructural, biochemical and electrophysiological changes induced by 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine in the CNS of the snailHelix pomatia L.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): Laszlo Hernadi, Laszlo Hiripi, Agnes Vehovszky, Gyorgy Kemenes

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The serotonin neurotoxin, 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine (5,6-DHT), was injected into the body cavity of snails. Changes induced in the central nervous system (CNS) by the neurotoxin were studied by morphological, electrophysiological and biochemical techniques for up to 90 days following injection. The neurotoxin induced a variety of ultrastructural alterations during the early phase (1st to 6th days) following treatment. On day 6 after treatment, membranous structures first appeared in the synaptic-like areas and apparently migrated to cell bodies where they were detected by day 14. Their number increased with time. Neurotoxin-induced structural alterations were found in neuronal processes and cell bodies of the serotonergic metacerebral giant cells injected intracellularly with horseradish peroxidase and in serotonin immunoreactive axons. These findings suggest that the toxin-induced alterations are rather selective for the serotonin-containing neuronal elements. The neurotoxin decreased the concentration of 5-HT in and [3H]5-HT uptake into cerebral and pedal ganglia, with a maximum effect between the 3rd and 5th day following drug administration. 5-HT levels and 5-HT uptake returned to normal by 19–21 days after treatment. The concentration of dopamine and of [3H]DA uptake capacity were reduced between 3–5 days after injection of 5,6-DHT by 6–7 days following treatment. The transmission from identified serotonergic synapse to targets was reduced beyond day 5 after 5,6-DHT administration. By 15 days after treatment, synaptic transmission between the metacerebral giant cell (MGC) and buccal followers was blocked. Transmission recovered by day 21 after 5,6-DHT. Comparison of the time-course of functional and structural recovery indicates that while functional recovery takes place within 21 dyas after treatment, certain structural alterations, e.g. the membranous structures and dense particles, remain in the nerve fibres and cell bodies. These may serve as specific intracellular markers of the serotonin-containing neuronal elements long after functional recovery from the effect of 5,6-DHT.

This article was published in Brain Research and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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