alexa Ultrastructural findings in lung biopsy material from children with congenital heart defects.


Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Meyrick B, Reid L

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Abstract The ultrastructural features of pulmonary arteries are described in lung biopsy material from 6 children with congenital heart defects. Right ventricular hypertrophy was found in all 6 children and increased pulmonary artery pressure in all but one. The presence of muscle in smaller and more peripheral arteries than expected for the age of the child was detected in all cases. Ultrastructural examination of the peripheral arteries revealed, for the first time, in the nonmuscular regions of human arterial walls, pericytes and intermediate cells (previously shown to be precursor smooth-muscle cells); in addition, new arterial muscle was found in the normally nonmuscular region. In the 4 cases where medial thickness of the normally muscular arteries was increased, the smooth-muscle cells were hypertrophied and the extracellular connective tissue increased. In all cases, junctions between endothelial cells and smooth-muscle cells, intermediate cells, or pericytes were found. These changes are similar to those described in the rat with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. In addition, in 2 of the 6 cases, bundles of nerve axons in Schwann cell sheaths were found in adventitial layer of small, intraacinar muscular arteries (not previously demonstrated ultrastructurally at this site in the human lung); varicosities with agranular and granular vesicles, probably adrenergic, were also identified.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

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