alexa Ultrastructure of the surface structures and haptor of Empleurosoma pyriforme (Ancyrocephalinae; Monopisthocotylea: Monogenea) from the gills of the teleost fish Therapon jarbua
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): P Ramasamy, G P Brennan

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Infections with Empleurosoma pyriforme occur between successive secondary gill lamellae on both sides of the primary lamella of Therapon jarbua. The haptoral disc bears two pairs of anchors and a pair of connecting transverse bars. The attachment of the parasite to the host gill causes inflammation, erosion and degeneration of the gill epithelia. The ventral anchors consist of an inner core of irregularly arranged, electron-dense fibrils and a smooth outer core of electron-lucent fibrils, whereas the surface of the dorsal anchors is ridged. Both the dorsal and the ventral anchors may be extended or withdrawn. The connecting transverse bars consist of longitudinally arranged fibrils in an electron-dense matrix, whereas the tendons consist of fibrils, supported in a less electron-dense matrix, which interconnect the anchor erector-protractor muscles and the haptor muscles. Two types of perikarya are present. The less common type contain large multivesicular bodies and small electron-dense granules and are located only in the haptor region. The second and more common perikarya are present throughout the body surface. The cytoplasmic syncytium contains numerous electron-dense granules and electron-lucent vesicles. Beneath the syncytium, unicellular epidermal gland cells contain electron-dense granules. Neurones containing numerous electron-dense vesicles are present in the haptor region. Uniciliate presumed sensory receptors are distributed over the body surface. Groups of ciliated sensory structures are present in the forebody. Ciliated and non-ciliated presumed sensory receptors are present in the sleeve cavity of the anchors, on the haptor and in the vicinity of the oral apertures.

This article was published in Parasitology Research and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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