Author(s): Piskin G, Koomen CW, Picavet D, Bos JD, Teunissen MB
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Abstract Type 1 cytokine producing T cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation is effective in the treatment of this disease. In normal skin, UVB causes a change in dermal microenvironment, leading to a decrease of IFN-gamma expressing type 1 T cells and a concurrent increase of IL-4 expressing type 2 T cells. The aim of this study was to show whether UVB irradiation causes a like-wise shift of type 1 and type 2 responses in psoriatic skin. For this purpose, biopsies were obtained from the lesional skin of psoriatic patients before, 2 days and 14 days after a single exposure to 4 MED UVB. Sections from these biopsies were immunostained (CD3, IFN-gamma and IL-4) or RNA was extracted and analyzed for the expressions of IFN-gamma and IL-4 by PCR. In addition, primary cultures of T cells from dermal cell suspensions were stained intracellularly for IFN-gamma and IL-4 expression and CD4+ and CD8+ T subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry. IFN-gamma was abundantly expressed in situ before irradiation and decreased in all patients after UVB irradiation, whereas IL-4 expression was variably expressed before irradiation and increased in different degrees after irradiation. Cytokine mRNA expressions determined by PCR showed a clear decrease of IFN-gamma and increase of IL-4 following UVB irradiation. Both CD4+ and CD8+ dermal T cells were found to produce less IFN-gamma and more IL-4 following UVB irradiation as determined by flow cytometry. Decrease in IFN-gamma expression and increase in IL-4 expression of dermal T cells in psoriatic lesions after UVB irradiation may lead to decrease in local immunoreactivity. These changes could be part of the therapeutic effects of UVB on psoriasis.
This article was published in Exp Dermatol
and referenced in Medicinal chemistry