Author(s): Affourtit C, Brand MD, Affourtit C, Brand MD
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Abstract Proton leak exerts stronger control over ATP/ADP in mitochondria from clonal pancreatic beta-cells (INS-1E) than in those from rat skeletal muscle, due to the higher proton conductance of INS-1E mitochondria [Affourtit and Brand (2006) Biochem. J. 393, 151-159]. In the present study, we demonstrate that high proton leak manifests itself at the cellular level too: the leak rate (measured as myxothiazol-sensitive, oligomycin-resistant respiration) was nearly four times higher in INS-1E cells than in myoblasts. This relatively high leak activity was decreased more than 30\% upon knock-down of UCP2 (uncoupling protein-2) by RNAi (RNA interference). The high contribution of UCP2 to leak suggests that proton conductance through UCP2 accounts for approx. 20\% of INS-1E respiration. UCP2 knock-down enhanced GSIS (glucose-stimulated insulin secretion), consistent with a role for UCP2 in beta-cell physiology. We propose that the high mitochondrial proton leak in beta-cells is a mechanism which amplifies the effect of physiological UCP2 regulators on cytoplasmic ATP/ADP and hence on insulin secretion.
This article was published in Biochem J
and referenced in Journal of Developing Drugs