alexa Understanding Human–Tiger Conflict around Corbett Tiger Reserve India: A Case Study Using Forensic Genetics
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Sujeet Kumar Singh, Vipin, Sudhanshu Mishra, Surendra Goyal, Ved Kumar, Surendra Goyal

Abstract Share this page

Human–tiger conflicts have been a major issue in the Terai-Arc Landscape (TAL), in northern India, ever since human settled in the region. For managing such issues, authorities are compelled to eliminate/relocate tigers whenever there is recurrent killing of human beings. But identifying the individual tiger/tigress, involved in conflicts has remained a challenge for wildlife manager as misidentification may lead to the elimination of the wrong individual that do not mitigate the conflict at all. In the present study, we demonstrate the utility of molecular tools by using whatever pre-operational evidences could be collected from a tiger that was eventually killed as a man-eater through a case study from the TAL. In this instance, a tiger attacked and killed four human in different incidents over a period of 3 months (November–December 2010 and January 2011) in and around Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR), India. The tiger was finally eliminated because it was declared as man eater. Intensive collection of biological samples during conflict period was not done, hence, only a few samples were collected. These were collected from attack sites where the tiger was wounded (n=2) and the site where it was killed (n=2). For each of the sample, we could determine the species, sex and individual identity of the animal involved using molecular markers, i.e. mitochondrial, sex and microsatellite. We found that all the samples came from a male tiger and that it was the same individual that had been involved in the attacks, been wounded and shot dead. We suggest that biological samples, such as hair that had been shed and scats be collected intensively from resting places and blood stains across conflict zones. We also suggest that the genetic identity of the tigers in Uttarakhand be established and so as this information may be used to establish a link with individuals involved in conflicts so that effective strategies may be developed to manage human–wildlife conflicts in TAL corridors, where such conflicts are relatively more frequent.

This article was published in Wildlife Biology in Practice and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Saroj Velamakanni
    Multiparameter analysis using cell cycle biomarkers for breast cancer: Prognostic and predictive implications
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xiao-Song He
    Distinct priming effect of live attenuated versus inactivated influenza vaccines in repeated influenza vaccination
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • R. K. Pandey
    Community oriented integrated ecosystem approach for conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources: Challenges in biodiversity conservation in natural tropical forests of India
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Chioma Nwakanma
    FISH SPECIES IDENTIFICATION AND BIODIVERSIFICATION IN ENUGU METROPOLIS RIVER BY DNA BARCODING
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ravindra Kumar Sinha
    Conserving river biodiversity in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna river basin in the Indian sub-continent
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • J I R Udotong
    Toxicity of heavy metals and effect of their concentrations on biological productivity and diversity in freshwater ecosystem
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • I R Udotong
    Microbial diversity of a remote aviation fuel contaminated sediment of a Lentic ecosystem in Ibeno, Nigeria
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rajan Kumar Gupta
    Algal diversity of freshwater streams of Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ballagere Puttaraju Harini
    Distribution and divergence of few common termites species: A study at Jnanabharathi
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Robert D. Blackledge
    Anticipating an Advance in Forensic DNA
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Djillali Benouar
    A New Multidisciplinary Approach to Learn Lessons From Disasters (Forensic Investigations of Disasters (FORIN)): Researching Causes in Disasters
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rainer Wortmann
    The Work of Supervisor Forensic Artists in Germany
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alan Diego Briem Stamm
    STANDARS, PROTOCOLS AND GLOBALIZATION OF FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • S K Dhattarwal
    WORK OF A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGIST
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords