Author(s): Semerari A, Carcione A, Dimaggio G, Nicol G, Procacci M
Disorders in the ability to understand mental states (metacognition) have an important role in psychopathology. Someclinicians talk of a generalised impairment of metacognition and others of malfunctioning of specific aspects. We comparetwo contrasting hypotheses. We call the first one ‘fast running’ hypothesis according to which metacognition is a singlefunction, like speed in running. The second one is the ‘tennis playing’ hypothesis according to which metacognition iscomposed, like the ability to play tennis, of various, relatively independent skills, which can get impaired selectively. Wereviewed the main theories and researches on metacognition and, therefore, we outlined a research programme based onthem, describing the contribution made by the research on the psychotherapeutic process to this programme.