Author(s): Gonzalez C, Mnissier De Murcia J, Janiak P, Bidouard JP, Beauvais C,
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Abstract Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a nuclear enzyme that consumes NAD in response to DNA strand breaks. Its excessive activation seems particularly deleterious to pancreatic beta-cells, as exemplified by the complete resistance of PARP-1-deficient mice to the toxic diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Because of the possible implication of this enzyme in type 1 diabetes, many human trials using nicotinamide, an inhibitor of PARP-1, have been conducted either in patients recently diagnosed or in subjects highly predisposed to this disease. To analyze the role of this enzyme in murine type 1 diabetes, we introgressed a disrupted PARP-1 allele onto the autoimmune diabetes-prone nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse strain. We showed that these mice were protected neither from spontaneous nor from cyclophosphamide-accelerated diabetes. Surprisingly they were also highly sensitive to the diabetes induced by a single high dose of streptozotocin, standing in sharp contrast with C57BL/6 mice that bear the same inactivated PARP-1 allele. Our results suggest that NOD mice are characterized not only by their immune dysfunction but also by a peculiarity of their islets leading to a PARP-1-independent mechanism of streptozotocin-induced beta-cell death.
This article was published in Diabetes
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism