Author(s): Mandel M, Gurevich M, Lavie G, Cohen IR, Achiron A
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Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease where T-cells activated against myelin antigens are involved in myelin destruction. Yet, healthy subjects also harbor T-cells responsive to myelin antigens, suggesting that MS patient-derived autoimmune T-cells might bear functional differences from T-cells derived from healthy individuals. We addressed this issue by analyzing gene expression patterns of myelin oligodendrocytic glycoprotein (MOG) responsive T-cell lines generated from MS patients and healthy subjects. We identified 150 transcripts that were differentially expressed between MS patients and healthy controls. The most informative 43 genes exhibited > 1.5-fold change in expression level. Eighteen genes were upregulated including BCL2, lifeguard, IGFBP3 and VEGF. Twenty five genes were down-regulated, including apoptotic activators like TNF and heat shock protein genes. This gene expression pattern was unique to MOG specific T-cell lines and was not expressed in T-cell lines reactive to tetanus toxin (TTX). Our results indicate that activation in MS that promotes T-cell survival and expansion, has its own state and that the unique gene expression pattern that characterize autoreactive T-cells in MS represent a constellation of factors in which the chronicity, timing and accumulation of damage make the difference between health and disease.
This article was published in Clin Dev Immunol
and referenced in Immunome Research