Author(s): Ross JS
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Abstract With the regulatory approvals in Europe and the USA of trastuzumab-based anti-HER2 targeted therapy for upper gastrointestinal cancers in 2010, HER2 testing has now become universal for newly diagnosed cases of both breast cancer and adenocarcinomas of esophagus, stomach and gastroesophageal origin. In the 12 years or more since the approval of trastuzumab for breast cancer, general refinements in approaches to HER2 testing, including a greater understanding of the implications of preanalytic factors impacting the test results and the application of standardization of reporting of HER2 test results, have taken place. There has also been continuing development in breast cancer with the introduction of new HER2 tests, including non-FISH tests, dimerization assays, phosphorylated HER2 receptor tests, mRNA-based tests, HER2 gene sequencing tests and the application of HER2 testing to circulating tumor cells. Most recently, the introduction of HER2 testing for upper gastrointentinal malignancies has emphasized the need for performing and interpreting slide-based assays in a manner unique to these specimens and not to apply the breast cancer testing protocols to esophageal and gastric adenocarcinomas.
This article was published in Biomark Med
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology