alexa Update on opportunistic infections in the era of effective antiretroviral therapy.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Zanoni BC, Gandhi RT

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Abstract Despite enormous improvements in effectiveness of treatment for HIV infection, opportunistic infections continue to occur in those who have not yet been diagnosed with HIV and in those who are not receiving antiretroviral therapy. This review focuses on tuberculosis and cryptococcal infections, the most common opportunistic infections (OIs) in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus infection around the world, as well as on new developments in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and pneumocystis pneumonia. In the sections on these conditions, updates on diagnosis, treatment, and complications, as well as information on when to start antiretroviral therapy is provided. The article concludes with a discussion of new data on 2 vaccine-preventable OIs, human papillomavirus and varicella-zoster virus. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Infect Dis Clin North Am and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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