Author(s): Saugstad OD
An increasing number of articles related to free radicals in the newborn period is published. The hypothesis that there exists a socalled 'Oxygen radical disease of neonatology' has not been proven but an increasing body of evidence seems to indicate that free radicals are involved in several disease processes leading to conditions such as chronic lung disease, retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis and periventricular leukomalacia. There are also accumulating data implying the involvement of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress in signal transduction and they therefore perhaps affect growth and development. In the last year there have been no new breakthroughs in antioxidant therapy.